Trying out simple experiments at home is a great way to introduce science to young children. An experiment requires changing something and observing what happens. Young children learn and understand best from what they can see, touch, feel, and manipulate. Therefore, providing your preschooler with opportunities to learn about cause and effect is important and essential.
This experiment is appropriate for children between 4 – 6 years old.
For this simple experiment, here’s what you need:
– Transparent containers / jars filled with water
– White flowers
– Food colouring
Here are the steps:
- Start by adding 20 – 30 drops of food coloring to the water. Encourage your child to observe how the colours diffuse throughout the water. After which, give the water a good stir.
- Cut the flower stems diagonally, and place them in the container / jars.
- Invite your child to predict what will happen to the flowers. Ask questions such as “Do you think the flowers will look the same? Why / Why not?”
- Check on the flowers with your child every few hours.
- After about 6 hours or more, the colours will start appearing on the tip of the flower petals.
- Take this time to explain that water travels up the stem into the leaves and then to the flowers.
- To further reinforce learning and understanding, cut the stems vertically to show your child how water travels up the stems.
Remember that teaching Science to your little one is really not as hard as you actually think it is! :)